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Brain pain

Triggers and treatments for headaches.

Article Author: Guest Columnist

Article Date:

Woman with hand up to her head in pain

Pouya Shooliz, MD, is a board-certified neurologist who practices at Baptist Neurology Group, located at Baptist Medical Center Beaches. Headache and migraine treatments are among his many specialties.

Nearly everyone has an occasional headache. But if you suffer from them constantly and struggle to find relief, you may have a headache disorder.

Interestingly, the brain doesn’t feel pain. However, a thin membrane, called the meninges, surrounds the brain and has many pain receptors. This is where the discomfort usually begins. There are also a few critical nerves around the head that can prompt headaches.

Common triggers include:

  • Hormones
  • Skipping meals
  • Weather
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Odors
  • Lights
  • Alcohol
  • Smoke
  • Sleeping late
  • Heat
  • Different types of food

Headache treatment

There are many different types of headaches, each with different causes and treatments. Chronic ones occur frequently, usually 15 days or more per month.

Migraines, which are intense headaches, cause severe pain, throbbing, pounding or pulsating, usually on one side of the head. They may lead to visual disturbances and often cause nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraines can last anywhere from four hours to two days.

Tension headaches are constant and aching, lasting anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. Other types can have a sharp or stabbing quality, electric-type pain, or may radiate from one place to another.

Some people get relief from non-medical treatments, such as staying in a dark and quiet room, using an ice pack or warm compress, or drinking coffee, tea, or other caffeinated drinks (in moderation). Low-impact exercise is also a good option to prevent migraines.

Problem for a professional?

It’s time to see your doctor if:

  • Non-medical treatments don’t help.
  • You have a new type of headache that you haven’t had before.
  • You have a headache that’s different in severity or location.

Your doctor can help determine the type of headache you are experiencing and develop a treatment plan for you.

Some people will benefit from daily medications to prevent headaches, while others may only need to take something if they feel a headache starting. Additional treatment options include nasal sprays and home injection kits.

Take notes

It may help to keep a diary to identify what triggers your headaches and bring it with you to your doctor’s appointment. That way, you can begin to see patterns and know what to avoid.

A headache that is extreme and severe always needs to be checked out immediately. Sometimes aneurysms (bulging blood vessels in the brain), strokes, or other issues may cause bleeding, leading to sudden, severe and intense pain.

A headache associated with other sudden changes, like loss of consciousness, weakness, numbness, or changes in speech or vision, could be life-threatening. Anyone experiencing these symptoms should call 911 immediately – every minute counts.

While some headaches can be resolved with home care measures and nonprescription medications, if you suffer from chronic headaches, it’s important to work with your doctor to come up with a treatment plan to relieve your pain or to stop the headache before it starts.


Baptist Neurology Group has 16 neurologists throughout Northeast Florida who can help diagnose and treat headache pain. Baptist Health has been recognized by U.S. News & World Report as a regional leader in neurology and neurosurgery.

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