Peripheral Vascular Disease Main Content

woman relaxing on couch looking at her laptop

Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a slow, progressive circulatory disorder that may impact veins, arteries, and lymph vessels.

Baptist heart specialists logo

Baptist Heart Specialists


Request Appointment

It is caused by a clogged or narrowed artery or blood vessel, often due to atherosclerosis, a build-up of plaque. The legs and feet are most commonly affected, but PVD may also reduce the blood flow to organs including the brain and heart.

When PVD occurs in the arteries outside the heart, it may be referred to as peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

Peripheral Vascular Disease Additional Content Section 1

Our Team

Our area’s only freestanding hospital for heart and vascular care, Baptist Heart Hospital is the centerpiece of our top-ranked heart and vascular program, home to more than 500 physicians, nurses and staff – all with specialized training in providing inpatient and outpatient cardiovascular and thoracic care. Our team includes:

  • Peripheral vascular disease specialists
  • Cardiovascular surgeons
  • Emergency medicine specialists
  • Cardiovascular nurses
  • Pharmacists
  • Cardiothoracic surgeons
  • Endovascular surgeons
  • Cardiac care coordinator
  • Nutritionists
  • Patient and family educators
  • Exercise and rehabilitation specialists Cardiologists

PAD Specialists

Peripheral Vascular Disease Additional Content Section 2


Outfitted with leading-edge technology, the Hybrid Vascular Operating Room at Baptist Heart Hospital allows physicians to provide interventional procedures, diagnosis procedures and treatment in one place, at one time. It provides all the capabilities of an imaging department, catheterization lab, and operating room. This can result in quicker diagnosis and treatment, as well as less time under anesthesia.

Procedures for PVD include angioplasty, which uses a catheter to create a larger opening in an artery to increase blood flow. Our team performs angioplasty techniques including:

  • Atherectomy with the SilverHawk™ Plaque Excision System, to shave away the blocked area inside the artery with a tiny tip on the end of a catheter
  • Balloon angioplasty, inflating a balloon inside the blocked artery to open it
  • Stent insertion, expanding a tiny coil inside the blocked artery to open it
  • Vascular surgery, placing a bypass graft in the area of the blocked or narrowed artery to reroute blood flow

Treatment also may include lifestyle modifications, medications and treating conditions that may aggravate PVD, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and elevated blood cholesterol.


While about half of all people with PVD have no symptoms, symptoms may include:

  • Diminished pulse in the legs and feet
  • Gangrene (dead tissue)
  • Hair loss on the legs
  • Impotence
  • Restricted mobility
  • Severe pain in the legs or feet
  • Numb, weak or heavy feeling in muscles
  • Paleness when the legs are elevated
  • Reddish-blue discoloration of the extremities
  • Decreased skin temperature, or thin, brittle shiny skin
  • Painful cramping of the calf that occurs with exercise and stops with rest
  • Pain, burning or aching in the toes at rest or at night while lying flat
  • Non-healing wounds over pressure points, such as heels or ankles

Peripheral Vascular Disease Additional Content Section 3

Vein Clinic at Baptist Health

Although often underestimated as only a cosmetic problem, varicose veins can cause patients significant health issues.

Venous reflux disease damages valves and restricts blood flow, leading to an elevation of venous pressure and problematic symptoms like these:

  • Leg pain
  • Swollen limbs
  • Leg heaviness and fatigue
  • Skin changes (color and texture)
  • Varicose veins

Our team of vein experts uses a minimally invasive approach using ablation technology that gets you home the same day.

Suspect vein disease? Schedule a consult with a vein expert today at Baptist Heart Specialists.

Schedule Appointment 904.720.0799